HUMAN RIGHTS DEFENDERS REPRESENTATIVES OF FOREIGN EMBASSY AND GOVERNMENT AUTHORITIES DISCUSSED THE REALIZATION OF THE UN COMMITTEE AGAINST TORTURE A draft of the Fourth periodic report on measures taken by Kazakhstan to implement the UN Convention Against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment was discussed at the public hearings at the Ministry of Internal Affairs.
The hearing was attended by representatives of the Ministry of Internal Affairs, the Prosecutor General's Office, the Ministry of Justice, 60 human rights defenders from the cities of Astana, Almaty and the provinces, Ambassador of the Kingdom of the Netherlands in Kazakhstan Dirk Jan Kop, employees of political departments of US and British embassies A. Zhantikin and L. Volkov. HUMAN RIGHTS DEFENDERS REPRESENTATIVES OF FOREIGN EMBASSY AND GOVERNMENT AUTHORITIES DISCUSSED THE REALIZATION OF THE UN COMMITTEE AGAINST TORTURE
During the hearing, the issues of Kazakhstan's implementation of the recommendations of the UN Committee against Torture sounded on the basis of the Third periodic report were discussed, including on the right side. Deputy Minister of Internal Affairs Rashid Zhakupov noted in the report that within the framework of the implementation of the 23 recommendations of the United Nations, the republic has done a great job of bringing national legislation into line with international norms and recommendations of international organizations and national NGOs. "At the same time, the state, represented by state bodies He does not stop at what he has achieved and daily carries out work on further reforming and the implementation of international standards in various fields, such as law enforcement agencies, the armed forces, education, health, psychiatric clinics, nursing homes and orphanages. And we are glad that public organizations are actively involved in this process, R. Zhakupov said, noting that today's public hearings are considered as one of the forms of this process, providing a platform for exchange of opinions, evaluation of results and preparing plans for the future. " It is noted that in order to implement the recommendations on the criminalization of torture in full compliance with the UN Convention, article 146 of the Criminal Code of the Republic of Kazakhstan is classified as particularly serious crimes, with tougher sanctions of up to 12 years of imprisonment. To implement the recommendations on the effective investigation of torture, a methodology for investigating and documenting the facts of torture has been developed on the basis of the Istanbul Protocol. All complaints immediately begin a criminal investigation for proper, complete, comprehensive and prompt consideration. The central recommendation is to provide basic legal guarantees to participants in criminal proceedings. As part of their implementation, the Constitution of the country, respectively, in the Code of Criminal Procedure and other laws, prescribes the postulate that no one can be tortured. A direct ban on the use of torture was introduced. In accordance with European standards, the periods of detention are reduced to 48 hours, minors - up to 24 hours. In accordance with the recommendations of the UN Committee on the improvement of places of detention in custody and transition to a caducious content, Kazakhstan reform of the Penal Enforcement Law was conducted. As a result, Kazakhstan achieved a significant reduction in the prison population by 25% (from 47,939 to 35,805), which reduced our country's place in the world ranking of the prison population from 3 in 2000 to 71 in 2018. There are already 9 institutions of indicative content. In recent years, new institutions have been put into operation in Almaty, Kyzylorda, Uralsk and Atyrau, which meet international standards. Another six such institutions are planned to be built. Measures taken and to improve the conditions of places of detention of detainees in temporary detention facilities of internal affairs bodies. 26 temporary detention facilities in basement and semi-basement premises, another 12 IVSs were suspended. In recent years, 8 new temporary detention facilities, 9 - major repairs. The mechanisms of public control over places of detention are developing. In all regions of the republic, 15 public monitoring commissions have been set up, which since its inception (2006) have visited more than 6,000 such institutions. In addition to legislative, a number of practical measures are being taken. In the buildings of law enforcement bodies, "transparent cabinets" for interrogation with video cameras are gradually introduced. Today they are already functioning 490. In the course of the meeting, Director of the Department for International Cooperation of the Ministry of Justice of the Republic of Kazakhstan Aisha Aitkalieva, the project manager of the European Union "Improving the Criminal Justice System in Kazakhstan" Saule Mektepbayeva, who positively assessed the work of the Ministry of Internal Affairs to monitor the observance of the law in places of deprivation of liberty. Zhamis Turmagambetova, human rights activist and executive director of the public foundation "Charter for Human Rights", said in her speech that the initiative to discuss the draft of the fourth periodic report on measures taken by Kazakhstan to implement the UN Convention against Torture was put forward by the Public Council on Internal Affairs Affairs and noted positive dynamics in the work of state bodies and in particular the Ministry of Internal Affairs on the prevention of torture. The public figure Tatyana Kostina expressed her approval for this project and noted that the report was prepared carefully and fully reflects the situation in the country, dynamic improvement of the regulatory and legal spheres.
Press service of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of the Republic of Kazakhstan