History of formation and establishment of the internal affairs of our country dates back to the establishment of the Soviet power in Kazakhstan.
One of the first documents of the new government was the decision of the People 's Commissariat of Internal Affairs of the RSFSR "On the workers' militia" On November 10, 1917. Resolution determined that militia organized councils of workers and soldiers, and is entirely on their responsibility. Military and civilian authorities were instructed to assist the militia and armed workers supply by technical facilities.
Following the example of the center in Kazakhstan were created bodies of the Extraordinary Commission for Combating Counterrevolution and Sabotage and worker-peasant militia. Among the groups of workers who were guarding the public order, the largest share had the Red Guards. In many cases, councils themselves created the Red Guards, guided by the Decree of the NKVD "On the workers' militia." In Kazakhstan, the first Red Guard units were formed at the railway stations Orenburg, Aktobe, Perovsk, Kazalinsk and elsewhere.
An active participant in the establishment of Soviet power in Kazakhstan, the first People's Commissar of Internal Affairs of Kazakhstan was Muhamed - HafiMyrzagaliev. He was born in 1887 in the tract Daunkul of Karaobinsk parish current county of West Kazakhstan region. His father was a wealthy man. After graduating from high school - Hafi Mohamed continued his education in Saratov agricultural college. During the Civil War he was deputy chairman and chairman of the Ural- Bukeyev and Dzhambeytinsk revolutionary committees. At the end of May 1920 M. Myrzagaliev was appointed as a Kirrevkom and Kirpartbyuro in accordance with the Resolution of the Central Committee of the RCP.
Seventh August 1920 Kirpartbyuro RCP (B) and the Bureau of Orenburg Provincial Party Committee adopted a resolution on the appointment of M. Myrzagaliev as a Deputy Commissioner in Kazakhstan and Chairman of Orenburgsk Turgay Extraordinary Commission for Combating Counterrevolution.
In the autumn of 1920 in the history of the Kazakh people was a significant event. On October 4th wasa opened I Congress of Soviets of Kazakhstan. Much preparatory work was undertaken by Kirrevkom and party organizations, completed the formation of the Kazakh Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic. At the congress M. Myrzagaliev was elected as a Commissioner of Internal Affairs, joined the CRC, and became a member of the central committee on elections to the Soviets at the CRC and member Glavkomtrud.
In his role as Commissar of Internal Affairs M. Myrzagaliev worked for a year. Later he became a chairman of the Council of People's Commisioners, also headed the Republican Party organization, worked as the People's Commissioner of Finance. As the leader of Kazakhstan, M. Myrzagaliev took a principled stand on matters of national policy and characteristics of socialist construction in Kazakhstan. Since 1930, he worked in Moscow as a head of the local forests Commissariat of Agriculture of the RSFSR. But in 1937, after learning that some of his companions were persecuted went to Kazakhstan. This spiritual impulse cost him his life. M. Myrzagaliev was arrested in August 1937 and expelled from the party for being «concealed his (rich) origin"
Man with a surprising fate, M. Myrzagaliev the rest of his life remained a fundamental and persistent fighter for the people's happiness. He was behind the birth of national statehood, was the first representative of Kazakh workers, the chairman and secretary of the CPC republic Regional Party Committee.
In October 1921, the People's Commissariat of Kazakhstan was headed by Abdrahman Aytiev - countryman of M. Myrzagaliev already occupied previously headed the Interior as part Kazrevkoma from 1919 to 1920.
Abdrahman began his career in small village Sugurbay of Ural province. Born in a poor peasant family, from the time he was seven years old Abdrahman helped his father to graze cattle on the farm. From early spring to late autumn wandering boy with a flock of sheep on the boundless steppes along the Urals and Ankaty he became a herdsman. At age 17, he graduated from the one-class Russian - Kazakh school. These first universities helped him to learn both disadvantaged people, and gross injustice.
Mastered in writing A. Aitiev worked as a translator, a senior clerk at a magistrate in Uralsk, later - parish clerk Karaobinsk control where he could use the library and read a lot of books.
Having started his revolutionary activities in 1905-1907 with underground district committee of the Ural region he later created the rear of the White Guards fighting squad, with his direct participation were formed 1st and 2nd Exemplary Kazakh cavalry regiments. Freeing the territory of the region from the White Cossacks A. Aitiev led mass political work among the local population, while exercising exclusive attention to their needs. Solved the state, human, territorial and economic issues.
One of the brightest episodes of the Civil War in Kazakhstan was 80 - day defense of the city of Uralsk. During this defense A. Aitiev charged hard but honorable work in the bodies of the Emergency Committee - he was in charge of the Secret KGB operative detachment and became the head of the special department of the 22nd Division, then enroll him in the political department of the 3rd Brigade of the legendary 25 Division Chapaev.
After the liberation of the Ural region A. Aitiev becomes chairman of the Revolutionary Committee. And in April 1920, he was elected as a member of the Regional Bureau of the RCP (b), which was established in Kazakhstan to bring together all the party organizations of the region.
Heading election commission A. Aitiev created instructions for the first All-Kazakhstan elections founding congress. Then elected him a member of the presidium of Kyr (Kaz) CEC and in 1921 was appointed as a Commissar of Internal Affairs of Kazakhstan.
As the head of NKVD, he was «longevity", taking office nearly two and a half years (the usual term in office then rarely exceeded year).
According to the status as Commissar A. Aitiev was part of Kazakh Central Executive Committee and has been closely involved in the development of decrees. Among such legislation of particular importance, there were three: banning dowry, polygamy, the abolition of the feudal court and the introduction of the national court. With the participation of Aitiev Kazakh Central Executive Committee adopted a decision on Muslim holidays and days off: "With respect, treating the religious feelings of the people, declared mandatory daily rest day Friday instead of Sunday. Also declared mandatory in the Kazakh people holidays: Eid al-ait - three days; Kurban Ait - three days; Nowruz - one day - 22 March".
Within four years he headed the committee that the territorial boundaries of our republic reconstruction, defending indigenous Kazakh land, then part of the Orenburg, Omsk provinces and Turkmenistan. Energetic measures taken by A. Aitiev provoked a strong negative reaction from the authorities of other republics.
On 9 of September 1921 adopted a resolution on the inclusion of the five townships in the county Petropavlovsk Akmola province of KazASSR. Kazakh ASSR Government appointed Aitiev as a chairman of the newly created Akmola Province Revolutionary Committee. In 1921, after the reorganization of the CPC and its divisions A. Aitiev was appointed People's Commissar of Internal Affairs of the Kazakh Soviet Socialist Republic.
A. Aitiev was a chairman of the Commission on the drafting of the first Constitution of the Kazakh Soviet Socialist Republic. Adopted in 1926, it has made it perfectly clear, harmony and organization in the nation-building national republic.
Activities of People's Commissars M. Myrzagalieva and A. Aitiev reflected in the museum of MIA RK Gallery portraits, devoted first national commissioners and ministers of the republic and in the exposition dedicated to the establishment of Soviet power, the creation and establishment of the People's Commissariat of Internal Affairs during the period of foreign intervention and civil war in Kazakhstan (1917-1925).
The museum contains books, Photodocumentary materials published in periodicals in different years of the People's Commissariat of Internal Affairs of Kazakhstan A. Aitiev. Yet at the opening of the Museum of the Kazakh SSR Ministry of Internal Affairs in Almaty October 7, 1975 first guest who visited the museum was his son Thalmann and he made an entry in the guest book.